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Old 09-15-2005, 08:24 PM
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INFANT FORMULA AND WEANING FOODS
445 Formula
Infasoy TM, soy-based, milk-free (Wyeth Nutritionals, Baulkham Hills, NSW, Australia) 6 55±6 100 mL 4
Karicare TM gold starter formula with omega plus LCP oils (Nutricia, Auckland, New Zealand) 6 35±5 100 mL 2
Nan-1 TM infant formula with iron (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 30±6 100 mL 2
S-26 TM infant formula (Wyeth Nutritionals, Australia) 6 36±6 100 mL 3
Weaning Foods
446 Farex TM baby rice (Heinz Wattie's Ltd., Malvern, Vic, Australia) 6 95±13 87 6
447 Robinsons First Tastes from 4 months (Nutricia, Wells, UK)
Apple, apricot and banana cereal 6 56±8 75 7
Creamed porridge 6 59±8 75 5
Rice pudding 6 59±6 75 6
448 Heinz for Baby from 4 months (Heinz Wattie's Ltd., Australia)
Chicken and noodles with vegetables, strained 6 67±11 120 5
Sweetcorn and rice 6 65±13 120 10

LEGUMES AND NUTS
449 Baked Beans
Baked Beans, canned (Canada) 40±3
Baked Beans, canned haricot/navy beans in tomato sauce 56
(Libby, McNeill & Libby, Chatham, Canada)
mean of two studies 48±8 150 7
450 Beans, dried, boiled
Beans, dried, type NS(Italy) 36 150 11
Beans, dried, type NS(Italy) 20 150 6
mean of two studies 29±9 150 9
451 Blackeyed beans/peas (Cowpeas), boiled
Blackeyed beans (Canada) 50 150 15
Blackeyed beans (Canada) 33±4 150 10
mean of two studies 42±9 150 13
452 Butter Beans
Butter beans (South Africa) 28±7 150 5
Butter beans, dried, cooked 1.25 h (South Africa) 29±8 150 6

Butter beans (Canada) 36±4 150 7
mean of three studies 31±3 150 6
Butter beans, dried, boiled + 5g sucrose (South Africa) 30±2 150 6

Butter beans, dried, boiled + 10g sucrose (South Africa) 31±2 150 6

Butter beans, dried, boiled + 15g sucrose (South Africa) 54±4 150 11

453 Chickpeas (Garbanzo beans, Bengal gram), boiled
Chickpeas (Cicer arietinum Linn), dried, soaked, boiled 35 min (Philippines) 10 150 3
Chickpeas, dried, boiled (Canada) 31 150 9
Chickpeas (Canada) 33 150 10
Chickpeas (Canada) 36±5 150 11
mean of four studies 28±6 150 8
454 Chickpeas, canned in brine (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 42 150 9
455 Chickpeas, curry, canned (Canasia Foods Ltd., Scarborough, Canada) 41 150 7
456 Haricot/Navy beans
Haricot/Navy beans, pressure cooked at 15 psi for 25 min (King Grains, Toronto, Canada) 29 150 9
Haricot/Navy beans, dried, boiled (Canada) 30 150 9
Haricot/Navy beans, boiled (Canada) 31±6 150 9
Haricot/Navy beans (King Grains, Canada) 39 150 12
Haricot/Navy beans, pressure cooked at15 psi for 25 min (King Grains, Canada) 59 150 19
mean of five studies 38±6 150 12
457 Kidney Beans
Kidney/white bean (Phaseolus vulgaris Linn), soaked, boiled 17 min (Philippines) 13 150 3
Kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) (India) 19 150 5
Kidney beans (USA) 5 23 150 6
Kidney beans, dried, boiled (France) 23±1 150 6
Kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), red, soaked 20 min, boiled 70 min (Sweden) 25 150 6
Kidney beans (Canada) 29±8 150 7
Kidney beans, dried, boiled (Canada) 42 150 10
Kidney beans (Canada) 46 150 11
mean of eight studies 28±4 150 7
458 Kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) - autoclaved 34 150 8
459 Kidney beans, canned (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 52 150 9
460 Kidney beans, dried, soaked 12 h, stored moist 24 h, steamed 1 h (India) 11 70±11 150 17
461 Black bean (Phaseolus vulgaris Linn), soaked overnight, cooked 45 min (Philippines) 20 150 5
462 Lentils, type NS
Lentils, type NS (USA) 28
Lentils, type NS (Canada) 29±3
mean of two studies 29±1 150 5
463 Lentils, green
Lentils, green, dried, boiled (Canada) 22 150 4
Lentils, green, dried, boiled (France) 30±15 150 6
Lentils, green, dried, boiled (Australia) 37±3 150 5
mean of three studies 30±4 150 5
464 Lentils, green, canned in brine (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 52 150 9
465 Lentils, red
Lentils, red, dried, boiled (Canada) 18 150 3
Lentils, red, dried, boiled (Canada) 21 150 4
Lentils, red, dried, boiled (Canada) 31 150 6
Lentils, red, dried, boiled (Canada) 32 150 6
mean of four studies 26±4 150 5
466 Lima beans, baby, frozen, reheated in microwave oven (York, Canada Packers, Toronto, Canada) 32 150 10
467 Marrowfat peas
Marrowfat peas, dried, boiled (USA) 31
Marrowfat peas, dried, boiled (Canada) 47±3
mean of two studies 39±8 150 7
468 Mung beans
Mung bean (Phaseolus areus Roxb), soaked, boiled 20 min (Philippines) 31 150 5
Mung bean, fried (Australia) 53±8
Mung bean, germinated (Australia) 25±4 150 4
Mung bean, pressure cooked (Australia) 42±5 150 7
469 Peas, dried, boiled (Australia) 22 150 2
470 Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan Linn. Huth.), soaked, boiled 45 min (Philippines) 22 150 4
471 Pinto beans
Pinto beans, dried, boiled (Canada) 39 150 10
Pinto beans, canned in brine (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 45 150 10
472 Romano beans (Canada) 46 150 8
473 Soya beans
Soya beans, dried, boiled (Canada) 15±5 150 1
Soya beans, dried, boiled (Australia) 20±3 150 1
mean of two studies 18±3 150 1
Soya beans, canned (Canada) 14±2 150 1
474 Split peas, yellow, boiled 20 min (Nupack, Mississauga, Canada) 32 150 6

MEAL REPLACEMENT PRODUCTS
475 Hazelnut & Apricot bar (Dietworks, South Yarra, Vic, Australia) 42±7 50 9
476 L.E.A.N TM products (Usana Inc., Salt Lake City, UT, US)
L.E.A.N Fibergy TM bar, Harvest Oat 45±4 50 13
Nutrimeal TM, drink powder, Dutch Chocolate 26±3 250 3
L.E.A.N (Life long) Nutribar TM, Peanut Crunch 30±4 40 6
L.E.A.N (Life long) Nutribar TM, Chocolate Crunch 32±4 40 6
mean of two Nutri bars 31±1 40 6
Worldwide Sport Nutrition reduced-carbohydrate products (2000 formulations)
(Worldwide Sport Nutritional Supplements Inc., Largo, FL, US)
477 Designer chocolate, sugar-free 6 14±3 35 3
478 Burn-it TM bars
Chocolate deluxe 6 29±3 50 2
Peanut butter 6 23±3 50 1
479 Pure-protein TM bars
Chewy choc-chip 6 30±4 80 4
Chocolate deluxe 6 38±4 80 5
Peanut butter 6 22±4 80 2
Strawberry shortcake 6 43±4 80 6
White chocolate mousse 6 40±4 80 6
480 Pure-protein TM cookies
Choc-chip cookie dough 6 25±3 55 3
Coconut 6 42±5 55 4
Peanut butter 6 37±7 55 3
481 Ultra pure-protein TM shakes
Cappuccino 47±6 250 1
Frosty chocolate 37±6 250 1
Strawberry shortcake 42±4 250 1
Vanilla ice cream 32±5 250 1

MIXED MEALS AND CONVENIENCE FOODS
482 Chicken nuggets, frozen, reheated in microwave oven 5 min (Savings, Grocery Holdings, 46±4 100 7
Tooronga, Vic, Australia)
483 Fish Fingers (Canada) 38±6 100 7
484 Greek lentil stew with a bread roll, home made (Australia) 40±5 360 15
485 Kugel (Polish dish containing egg noodles, sugar, cheese and raisins) (Israel) 65±6 150 31
486 Lean Cuisine TM, French style chicken with rice, reheated (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 36±6 400 24
487 Pies, beef, party size (Farmland, Grocery Holdings, Australia) 45±6 100 12
488 Pizza
Pizza, cheese (Pillsbury Canada Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 60 100 16
Pizza, plain baked dough, served with parmesan cheese and tomato sauce (Italy) 80 100 22
Pizza, Super Supreme, pan (11.4% fat) (Pizza Hut, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 36±6 100 9
Pizza, Super Supreme, thin and crispy (13.2 % fat) (Pizza Hut, Australia) 30±4 100 7
Pizza, Vegetarian Supreme, thin and crispy (7.8 % fat) (Pizza Hut, Australia) 6 49±6 100 12
489 Sausages, NS(Canada) 28±6 100 1
490 Sirloin chop with mixed vegetables and mashed potato, home made (Australia) 66±12 360 35
491 Spaghetti bolognaise, home made (Australia) 52±9 360 25
492 Stirfried vegetables with chicken and boiled white rice, home made (Australia) 73±17 360 55
493 Sushi
Sushi, salmon (from 'I Love Sushi' chain store, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 48±8 100 17
Sushi, roasted sea algae, vinegar and rice (Japan) 55 100 20
Mean of two studies 52±4 100 19
494 White boiled rice, grilled beefburger, cheese, and butter (France) 27 440 14
White boiled rice, grilled beefburger, cheese and butter (France) 22 440 11
Mean in two groups of subjects 25±2 440 13
White bread with toppings
495 White wheat flour bread, butter, cheese, regular cow's milk and fresh cucumber (Sweden) 6 55 200 38
496 White wheat flour bread, butter, yoghurt and pickled cucumber (Sweden) 6 39 200 11
497 White bread with butter (Canada) 59 100 29
498 White bread with skim milk cheese (Canada) 55 100 26
499 White bread with butter and skim milk cheese (Canada) 62 100 23
500 White/wholemeal wheat bread with peanut butter (Canada) 51 100 23
White/wholemeal wheat bread with peanut butter (Canada) 67 100 30
mean of two studies 59±8 100 26
NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT PRODUCTS
501 Choicedm TM, vanilla (Mead Johnson Nutritionals, Evansville, IN, US) 23±4 237mL 6
502 Enercal Plus TM, made from powder (Wyeth-Ayerst International Inc., Madison, NJ, US) 61±13 237mL 24
503 Ensure TM (Abbott Australasia, Kurnell, NSW, Australia) 50±8 237mL 19
504 Ensure TM, vanilla (Abbott Australasia) 48±3 250mL 16
505 Ensure TM bar, chocolate fudge brownie (Abbott Australasia) 43±3 38 8
506 Ensure Plus TM, vanilla (Abbott Australasia) 40±4 237mL 19
507 Ensure Pudding TM, old fashioned vanilla (Abbott Laboratories Inc., Ashland, OH, USA) 36±4 113 9
508 Glucerna TM, vanilla (Abbott Laboratories Inc., USA) 6 31±2 237mL 7
509 Jevity TM (Abbott Australasia) 48±3 237mL 17
510 Resource Diabetic TM, French vanilla (Novartis Nutrition Corp., Young America, MN, USA) 6 34±3 237mL 8
511 Resource Diabetic TM, Swiss chocolate (Novartis, Auckland, New Zealand) 16±4 237mL 7
512 Resource TM thickened orange juice, honey consistency (Novartis, New Zealand) 47±9 237mL 18
513 Resource TM thickened orange juice, nectar consistency (Novartis, New Zealand) 54±7 237mL 19
514 Resource TM fruit beverage, peach flavour (Novartis, New Zealand) 40±8 237mL 16
515 Sustagen TM, Dutch Chocolate (Mead Johnson, Bristol Myers Squibb, Rydalmere, NSW, Australia) 31±4 250mL 13
516 Sustagen TM Hospital with extra fiber, drink made from powdered mix (Mead Johnson, Australia) 33±4 250mL 15
517 Sustagen TM Instant Pudding, vanilla, made from powdered mix (Mead Johnson, Australia) 27±3 250 13
518 Ultracal TM with fiber (Mead Johnson, Evansville, IN, USA) 40 237 mL 12
PASTA and NOODLES
519 Capellini (Primo Foods Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 45 180 20
520 Corn pasta, gluten-free (Orgran Natural Foods, Carrum Downs, Vic, Australia) 78±10 180 32
521 Fettucine, egg
Fettucine, egg 32±4 180 15
Fettucine, egg (Mother Earth Fine Foods, Rowville, Vic, Australia) 47±6 180 22
mean of two studies 40±8 180 18
522 Gluten-free pasta, maize starch, boiled 8 min (UK) 54 180 22
523 Gnocchi, NS (Latina, Pillsbury Australia Ltd., Mt. Waverley, Vic, Australia) 68±9 180 33
524 Instant noodles
Instant 'two-minute' noodles, Maggi ® (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 46±5
Instant 'two-minute' noodles, Maggi ® (Nestlé, Auckland, New Zealand) 48±8
Instant noodles (Mr Noodle, Vancouver, Canada) 47
mean of three studies 47±1 180 19
525 Linguine
Thick, durum wheat, white, fresh (Sweden) 43 180 21
Thick, fresh, durum wheat flour, 0.6% w/w monoglycerides, boiled 8 min (Sweden) 48 180 23
mean of two studies 46±3 180 22
Thin, durum wheat (Sweden) 49 180 23
Thin, fresh, durum wheat flour, 0.6% w/w monoglycerides, boiled 3 min (Sweden) 61 180 29
Thin, fresh, durum wheat with 39% w/w egg, (Sweden) 45 180 18
Thin, fresh, with 0.6% w/w monoglycerides and 30% w/w egg, boiled 3 min (Sweden) 53 180 22
mean of four studies 52±3 180 23
526 Mung bean noodles
Lungkow beanthread noodles (National Cereals, Oils & Foodstuffs, Qingdao & Guangdong, China) 26 180 12
Mung bean noodles (Longkou beanthread), dried, boiled (Yantai cereals, China) 39±9 180 18
mean of two studies 33±7
527 Macaroni
Macaroni, plain, boiled 5 min (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 45 180 22
Macaroni, plain, boiled (Turkey) 48 180 23
mean of two studies 47±2 180 23
Macaroni and Cheese, boxed (Kraft General Foods Canada Inc., Don Mills, Ontario) 64 180 32
528 Ravioli, durum wheat flour, meat filled, boiled (Australia) 39±1 180 15
529 Rice noodles/pasta
Rice noodles, dried, boiled (Thai World, Bangkok, Thailand) 61±6 180 23
Rice noodles, freshly made, boiled (Sydney, NSW, Australia) 40±4 180 15
Rice pasta, brown, boiled 16 min (Rice Grower's Co-op., Leeton, NSW, Australia) 92±8 180 35
Rice and maize pasta, gluten-free, Ris'O'Mais (Orgran Foods, Carrum Downs, Vic, Australia) 76±6 180 37
Rice vermicelli, Kongmoon (National Cereals, Oils & Foodstuffs, China) 58 180 22
Spaghetti
530 Spaghetti, gluten-free, rice and split pea, canned in tomato sauce (Orgran Foods, Australia) 68±9 220 19
531 Spaghetti, protein enriched, boiled 7 min (Catelli Plus, Catelli Ltd., Montreal, Canada) 27 180 14
532 Spaghetti, white, boiled 5 min
Boiled 5 min (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 32 180 15
Boiled 5 min (Canada) 34 180 16
Boiled 5 min (Canada) 40 180 19
Boiled 5 min (Middle East) 44 180 21
mean of four studies 38±3 180 18
533 Spaghetti, white or type NS, boiled 10-15 min
White, durum wheat, boiled 10 min in salty water (Barilla, Parma, Italy) 12 58 180 28
White, durum wheat flour, boiled 12 min (Starhushĺlls, Kungsörnen AB, Järna, Sweden) 47 180 23
White, durum wheat flour, 0.6% w/w monoglycerides, boiled 12 min (Sweden) 53 180 25
Boiled 15 min (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 32 180 15
Boiled 15 min (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 36 180 17
Boiled 15 min (Canada) 41 180 20
White, boiled 15 min in salted water (Unico, Concord, Canada) 44±3 180 21
mean of seven studies 44±3 180 21
534 Spaghetti, white or type NS, boiled 20 min
White, durum wheat, boiled 20 min (Australia) 58±7 180 26
Durum wheat, boiled 20 min (USA) 64±15 180 27
mean of two studies 61±3 180 27
535 Spaghetti, white, boiled
White (Denmark) 33 180 16
White, durum wheat (Catelli Ltd, Montreal, Canada) 34 180 16
White (Australia) 38 180 17
White (Canada) 42 180 20
White (Canada) 48 180 23
White (Vetta, Greens Foods, Glendenning, NSW, Australia) 49±7 180 22
White (Canada) 50±8 180 24
mean of seven studies 42±3 180 20
536 Spaghetti, white, durum wheat semolina (Panzani, Marseilles, France)
Boiled in 0.7% salted water for 11 min 59±15 180 28
Boiled in 0.7% salted water for 16.5 min 65±15 180 31
Boiled in 0.7% salted water for 22 min 46±10 180 22
mean of three cooking times 57±6 180 27
537 Spaghetti, wholemeal, boiled
Wholemeal (USA) 32 180 14
Wholemeal (Canada) 42±4 180 17
mean of two studies 37±5 180 16
538 Spirali, durum wheat, white, boiled to al denté texture (Vetta, Australia) 43±10 180 19
539 Split pea and soya pasta shells, gluten-free (Orgran Foods, Australia) 29±6 180 9
540 Star Pastina, white, boiled 5 minutes (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 38 180 18
541 Tortellini, cheese (Stouffer, Nestlé, Don Mills, Canada) 50 180 10
542 Udon noodles, plain, reheated 5 min (Fantastic, Windsor Gardens, SA, Australia) 6 62±8 180 30
543 Vermicelli, white, boiled (Australia) 35±7 180 16

SNACK FOODS AND CONFECTIONERY
544 Burger Rings TM, barbeque-flavored (Smith's Snack Food Co., Chatswood, NSW, Australia) 90±16 50 28
545 Chocolate, milk, plain
Chocolate, milk, plain with sucrose (Belgium) 6 34±5 50 7
Chocolate, milk (Cadbury's Confectionery, Ringwood, Vic, Australia) 49±6 50 14
Chocolate, milk, Dove ® (Mars Confectionery, Ballarat, Vic, Australia) 45±8 50 13
Chocolate, milk (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 42±8 50 13
mean of four studies 43±3 50 12
Chocolate, milk, plain, low-sugar with maltitol (Belgium) 6 35±16 50 8
546 Chocolate, white, Milky Bar ® (Nestlé, Australia) 44±6 50 13
547 Corn chips
Corn chips, plain, salted (Doritos TM original, Smith's Snack Food Co., Australia, 1998) 42±4 50 11
Corn chips, plain, salted (Doritos TM original, Smith's Snack Food Co., Australia, 1985) 72 50 18
Nachips TM (Old El Paso Foods Co., Canada) 74 50 21
mean of three studies 63±10 50 17
548 Fruit Bars
Apricot filled fruit bar (pureed dried apricot filling in wholemeal pastry) 50±8 50 17
(Mother Earth, Auckland, New Zealand)
Heinz Kidz TM Fruit Fingers, banana (HJ Heinz, Malvern, Vic, Australia) 61±11 30 12
Real Fruit Bars, strawberry (Uncle Toby's, Wahgunyah, Vic, Australia) 90±12 30 23
Roll-Ups ® , processed fruit snack (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 99±12 30 24
549 Fruity Bitz TM , vitamin and mineral enriched dried fruit snacks
Fruity Bitz TM, apricot (Blackmores Ltd., Balgowlah, NSW, Australia) 42±3 15 5
Fruity Bitz TM, berry (Blackmores Ltd., Australia) 35±4 15 4
Fruity Bitz TM, tropical (Blackmores Ltd., Australia) 41±3 15 5
mean of three flavours 39±2 15 4
550 Jelly beans
Jelly beans, assorted colors (Allen's, Nestle, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 80±8
Jelly beans, assorted colors (Savings, Grocery Holdings, Tooronga, Vic, Australia) 76±6
mean of two studies 78±2 30 22
551 Kudos Whole Grain Bars, chocolate chip (M & M/Mars, Hackettstown, NJ, USA) 62±8 50 20
552 Life Savers ® , peppermint candy (Nestlé, Australia) 70±6 30 21
553 M & M's ® , peanut (Mars Confectionery, Australia) 33±3 30 6
554 Mars Bar ®
Mars Bar ® (Mars Confectionery, Australia) 62±8 60 25
Mars Bar ® (M&M/Mars, USA) 68±12 60 27
mean of two studies 65±3 60 26
555 Muesli bar containing dried fruit (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 61±7 30 13
556 Nougat, Jijona (La Fama, Spain) 32 30 4
557 Nutella ® , chocolate hazelnut spread (Ferrero Australia, Milson's Point, NSW, Australia) 33±4 20 4
Nuts
558 Cashew nuts, salted (Coles Supermarkets, Australia) 6 22±5 50 3
559 Peanuts
Peanuts, crushed (South Africa) 6 7±4 50 0
Peanuts (Canada) 6 13±6 50 1
Peanuts (Mexico) 6 23 50 2
mean of three studies 14±8 50 1
560 Popcorn
Popcorn, plain, cooked in microwave oven (Green's Foods, Glendenning, NSW, Australia) 55±7 20 6
Popcorn, plain, cooked in microwave oven (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 89 20 10
mean of two studies 72±17 20 8
561 Pop Tarts TM, double choc (Kellogg's, Pagewood, NSW, Australia) 70±2 50 24
562 Potato crisps
Potato crisps, plain, salted (Arnott's, Homebush, NSW, Australia) 57 50 10
Potato crisps, plain, salted (Canada) 51±7 50 12
mean of two studies 54±3 50 11
563 Pretzels, oven-baked, traditional wheat flavour (Parker's, Smith's Snack Food Co., Australia) 83±9 30 16
564 Skittles ® (Mars Confectionery, Australia) 70±5 50 32
565 Snack bars
Snack bar, Apple Cinnamon (Con Agra Inc., Omaha, NE, USA) 40±8 50 12
Snack bar, Peanut Butter & Choc-Chip (Con Agra Inc., USA) 37±6 50 10
566 Snickers Bar ®
Snickers Bar ® (Mars Confectionery, Australia) 41±5 60 15
Snickers Bar ® (M&M/Mars, USA) 68 60 23
mean of two studies 55±14 60 19
567 Twisties TM, cheese-flavoured, extruded snack, rice and corn (Smith's Snackfood Co., Australia) 74±5 50 22
568 Twix ® Cookie Bar, caramel (M&M/Mars, USA) 44±6 60 17

SPORTS BARS
569 Power Bar ®
Power Bar ® , chocolate (Powerfood Inc., Berkeley, CA, USA) 58±5
Power Bar ® , chocolate (Powerfood Inc., Berkeley, CA, USA) 53
mean of two studies 56±3 65 24
570 Ironman PR bar ® , chocolate (PR Nutrition, San Diego, CA, USA) 39 65 10

SOUPS
571 Black Bean (Wil-Pack Foods, San Pedro, CA, USA) 64 250 17
572 Green Pea, canned (Campbell Soup Co Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 66 250 27
573 Lentil, canned (Unico, Concord, Canada) 44 250 9
574 Minestrone, Traditional, Country Ladle TM (Campbell's Soups, Homebush, NSW, Australia) 6 39±3 250 7
575 Noodle soup (traditional Turkish soup with stock and noodles) 1 250 0
576 Split Pea (Wil-Pak Foods, USA) 60 250 16
577 Tarhana soup (traditional Turkish soup with wheat flour, yoghurt, tomato, peppers) 20
578 Tomato soup (Canada) 38±9 250 6

SUGARS AND SUGAR ALCOHOLS
579 Blue Agave cactus nectar, high-fructose
Organic Agave Cactus Nectar, light, 90% fructose (Western Commerce Corp., City of Industry, 11±1 10 1
CA, USA) 6
Organic Agave Cactus Nectar, light, 97% fructose (Western Commerce Corp., USA) 6 10±1 10 1
580 Fructose
25g portion (Sweeten Less, Maximum Nutrition Inc., Toronto, Canada) 6 11
50g portion (Sweeten Less, Maximum Nutrition Inc., Toronto, Canada) 12
50g portion 20±5
50g portion 21
50g portion (Sigma Chemical Company, St. Louis, MO, USA) 24
25g portion, fed with oats 28 25
mean of six studies 19±2 10 2
581 Glucose
50 g portion (dextrose) 85
25g portion, fed with oats 28 92
50 g portion 93
50 g portion (dextrose) 96
50 g portion 96
50 g portion (Bio-Health, Dawson Traders Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 96
50 g portion 100
50 g portion (Glucodin TM glucose tablets, Boots, North Ryde, NSW, Australia) 102±9
25 g portion (Bio-Health, Canada) 6 103
50 g portion (dextrose) 111
100 g portion (Bio-Health, Canada) 12 114
mean of 11 studies 99±3 10 10
Glucose consumed with American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.)
582 25 g glucose (Glucodex solution, Rougier Inc., Chambly, Quebec) with 3 g dried ginseng 5 78 10 8
583 25 g glucose (Glucodex) 40 min after 3 g dried ginseng 5 80
25 g glucose (Glucodex) 40 min before 3 g dried ginseng 5 76
mean in two groups of subjects 78±2 10 8
584 Glucose consumed with gum/fiber
46 g Glucose + 15 g apple and orange fiber extract (FITA, Chatswood, NSW, Australia) 79±3 10 6
(total carbohydrate content of drink = 50 g)
50 g Glucose + 14.5 g guar gum 62 10 6
50 g Glucose + 14.5 g oat gum (78% oat ß-glucan) 57 10 6
100 g Glucose + 20 g acacia gum 5 85 10 9
585 Glucose consumed with a mixed meal
30 g glucose with 150 g grilled beefburger, 30 g cheese, 10 g butter 55
(total meal contained 50 g carbohydrate) (France)
30 g glucose with 150 g grilled beefburger, 30 g cheese, 10 g butter 57
(total meal contained 50 g carbohydrate) (France)
mean in two groups of subjects 56±1 250 20
586 Honey
Locust honey (Romania) 6 32 25 7
Yellow box (46% fructose) (Australia) 6 35±4 25 6
Stringy Bark (52% fructose) (Australia) 6 44±4 25 9
Red Gum (35% fructose) (Australia) 6 46±3 25 8
Iron Bark (34% fructose) (Australia) 6 48±3 25 7
Yapunya (42 % fructose) (Australia) 6 52±5 25 9
Pure (Capilano Honey Ltd., Richlands, Qld, Australia) 58±6 25 12
Commercial Blend (38% fructose) (WA blend, Capilano Honey Ltd., Australia) 6 62±3 25 11
Salvation Jane (32% fructose) (Australia) 6 64±5 25 10
Commercial Blend (28% fructose) (NSW blend, Capilano Honey Ltd., Australia) 6 72±6 25 9
Honey, NS(Canada) 6 87±8 25 18
mean of 11 types of honey 55±5 25 10
587 Lactose
50 g lactose (Sigma Chemical Company, USA) 43
25 g lactose (BDH, Poole, UK) 6 48
25 g lactose 28 48
mean of three studies 46±2 10 5
588 50 g maltose 105±12 10 11
589 Sucrose
50 g sucrose (Sigma Chemical Company, USA) 58
50 g sucrose (Redpath Sugars, Toronto, Canada) 58
50 g sucrose 59±10
50 g sucrose 60
25 g sucrose (Redpath Sugars, Canada) 6 60
25 g sucrose 28 64
50 g sucrose 65±9
100 g sucrose (Redpath Sugars, Canada) 12 65
30 g sucrose 29 82
25 g sucrose 6 110±21
mean of 10 studies 68±5 10 7
Sugar alcohols and sugar-replacement compounds
590 Lactitol
25 g lactitol 30 -1±7
25 g lactitol MC (Danisco sweeteners, Redhill, Surrey, UK) 30 3±1
mean of two studies 2±3 10 0
591 Litesse
25 g Litesse II, bulking agent with polydextrose and sorbitol (Danisco Sweeteners, UK) 30 7±2 10 1
25 g Litesse III ultra, bulking agent with polydextrose and sorbitol (Danisco Sweeteners, UK) 30 4±2 10 0
592 Maltitol-based sweeteners or bulking agents
25 g Malbit CR (87% maltitol) (Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium) 30 30±12 10 3
25 g Maltidex 100 (> 72% maltitol) (Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium) 30 44±11 10 4
25 g Malbit CH (99% maltitol) (Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium) 30 73±29 10 7
25 g Maltidex 200 (50% maltitol) (Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium) 30 89±28 10 9
593 Xylitol
25 g xylitol 30 7±7
25 g Xylitol C (Danisco Sweeteners, UK) 30 8±2
mean of two studies 8±1 10 1
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