Originally Posted by hrdgain81
2.Mid morning 2 scoops optimum whey
Originally Posted by hrdgain81@bulkjournal
believe the reason for keeping all carbs out of the pre workout shake is to induce a ketonic state while lifting, to aid in fat loss.
That’s a good point, and I fully agree. However this should only be practiced before cardio. I managed to find a great study which emphasizes the need for the Pre workout “Essential amino acid-carbohydrate supplement”. Your carbohydrate source can be as simple as oats.
I don’t want this to end up in a long winded debated hence this is merely something to consider.
Timing of amino acid-carbohydrate ingestion alters anabolic response of muscle to resistance exercise.
Tipton KD, Rasmussen BB, Miller SL, Wolf SE, Owens-Stovall SK, Petrini BE, Wolfe RR.
Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77550, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
The present study was designed to determine whether consumption of an oral essential amino acid-carbohydrate supplement (EAC) before exercise results in a greater anabolic response than supplementation after resistance exercise.
Six healthy human subjects participated in two trials in random order, PRE (EAC consumed immediately before exercise), and POST (EAC consumed immediately after exercise). A primed, continuous infusion of L-[ring-(2)H(5)]phenylalanine, femoral arteriovenous catheterization, and muscle biopsies from the vastus lateralis were used to determine phenylalanine concentrations, enrichments, and net uptake across the leg. Blood and muscle phenylalanine concentrations were increased by approximately 130% after drink consumption in both trials
. Amino acid delivery to the leg was increased during exercise and remained elevated for the 2 h after exercise in both trials.
Delivery of amino acids (amino acid concentration times blood flow) was significantly greater in PRE than in POST during the exercise bout and in the 1st h after exercise (P < 0.05). Total net phenylalanine uptake across the leg was greater (P = 0.0002) during PRE (209 +/- 42 mg) than during POST (81 +/- 19).
Phenylalanine disappearance rate, an indicator of muscle protein synthesis from blood amino acids, increased after EAC consumption in both trials. These results indicate that the response of net muscle protein synthesis to consumption of an EAC solution immediately before resistance exercise is greater than that when the solution is consumed after exercise
, primarily because of an increase in muscle protein synthesis as a result of increased delivery of amino acids to the leg.